ARTICLES

Analysis of Private University Laws & Recommendations for Policy

Guest Author’s Profile:-

Ms. Swati Mujumdar, is currently
the Director of Symbiosis Centre for Distance Learning and Principal Director
of Symbiosis Open Education Society. Her area of research is higher education,
distance education and use of ICT in education. She has a keen interest in
various policies related to higher education, privatization of education and
has presented several papers in national and international conferences.

Article:-

Establishment of
Private Universities has been a major milestone in the field of higher
education in India. Private Universities is a new concept where self financed
private universities can be established by private players without financial
assistance from the State. A number of private universities have been
established in various States as also Central Govt of India has granted Deemed
University status to a number of educational institutions. In this era of
liberalization and global education, it is germane to attract, encourage and
promote the private sector investment in the realm of Higher Education and lay
the legislative pathway to establish and incorporate private self-financing
Universities in India. It is the right time to develop and implement a
progressive framework that provides for opportunities to deserving private
institutions and educational promoters, with relevant and sufficient experience
and exposure in the field of higher education, so as to contribute towards the
expansion of higher education and research.

Symbiosis is a
private, un-aided educational institution and has contributed immensely to the
higher education sector of India. Symbiosis was founded by the visionary
educationist, Padma Shree Dr. S. B. Mujumdar in 1971 as a ‘home away from home’
for students coming to Pune, India in pursuit of higher education. Symbiosis is
today a family of over 36 institutions providing education from Kindergarten to
Post Graduation. Symbiosis has over 25,000 students on-campus and over 200,000
students pursuing distance education programs.

We at Symbiosis have
prepared a detailed analysis report for establishment and incorporation of
private universities. 

This concept note is
an effort to assist you in your endeavour to effectively formulate a broad
statutory mechanism to establish and regulate the functioning of private
universities in our state considering under the current UGC Regulations.

Before we proceed
with this concept note, it is pertinent for us to us to understand the definition
of “University” under Sec.2 (f) of University Grant Commission Act, 1956 and
also to make ourselves aware about the landmark observations made by Hon’ble
Supreme Court of India in the famous case of Prof. Yash Pal and Anr. vs State
of Chhatisgarh.

University
Grant Commission Act, 1956

Section 2f –
Definition of “University”

University
means a University established or incorporated by or under a Central Act,
Provincial Act or a State Act, and includes any such institution as may, in
consultation with the University concerned, be recognized by the Commission in
accordance with regulations made in this behalf under this Act.

In the light of above
mentioned definition, it is important to extract here the observation of the
Hon’ble Supreme Court of India to
understand the legislative pathway of establishing and incorporating a Private
University
in India.

Supreme
Court Judgment 11th Feb, 2005 Prof. Yash Pal and Another vs. State
of Chhattisgarh

It has been observed
that a Private University can be established by the concerned State in exercise
of its sovereign powers which will necessarily be through a legislative
enactment. This means that a Private State University can only be established
by a separate Act or by one compendious Act where the legislature specifically
provides for establishment of the said University (para 38, 39 of the
Judgment).

Further, in Para 40
of the Judgment, the Hon’ble Court dealing with the necessity of the requisite
infrastructure before commencement of operations of a Private University
observed as follows: –

The word “or”
occurring in sentence “established or incorporated” should read as “and”.
Therefore, it is suggested that a status of University should be granted only
after the entire infrastructure and conditions (academic and others) are met
with. Hence most States now issue only an LOI and then create the Act for the
said University after inspection and assessment of compliance report.

Also, it is relevant
to bring into light the UGC (Establishment and Maintenance of a Private
University) Regulations, 2003 & proposed UGC (Establishment and Maintenance
of a Private University) Regulations 2010 –

1. Each Private
University shall be established by a SEPARATE STATE ACT and shall confirm to
the relevant provisions of UGC Act 1956 as amended from time to time
(Regulations 2003).

2. Each Private
University shall be established and incorporated through an Act passed by the
Central Parliament or State Legislature concerned for that SPECIFIC UNIVERSITY
either as a separate or as a Compendious Act, based on the application to that
effect by a sponsoring body (Regulations 2010).

We substantiate our
submissions with the following examples:-

a.     Sharda
University
has been
established by Act No. 14 of 2009 of UP Government and recognized by UGC (This
is a Private University but UP does not have a Private Universities).

b.     ICFAI
University Act 2005

in Meghalaya (enacted in Meghalaya through State Legislation but there is no
Meghalaya Pvt. Universities Act).

c.     Nirma
University
established
in 2003 is a Private University in Gujarat when the Gujarat Pvt. Universities
Act was established in 2009.

d.     Dhirubhai
Ambani Institute of Information & Communication Technology
was established in Gujarat on March
6th, 2003 recognized by UGC under Sec 2f of UGC Act, on 30th
Nov, 2004 as a Private University (prior to the Gujarat Private Universities
Act was established in 2009).

We have analyzed the
following legislations relating to establishment and regulation of Private
Universities in the states where such legislations have been enacted.

a.
Rajasthan Private Universities Establishment Guidelines

b.
Haryana Private Universities Act, 2006

c.
Himachal Pradesh Private Universities Establishment Guidelines

d.
Gujarat Private Universities Act, 2009

e.
Assam Private Universities Act, 2007

f.
Punjab Private Universities Policy

g.
UGC Regulations

Before we proceed with the details, we would like to bring
following facts to your notice:-

a. There are 58 Private Universities in India [the list is
annexed] which are competent to award degrees as specified by UGC under Section
2f of the UGC Act with the approval of UGC and the statutory councils, wherever
required through their main campus. Wherever the approval of the statutory
council is not a pre-requisite to start a programme, the Universities are
required to maintain the minimum standards regarding academic and physical
infrastructure as laid down by the concerned statutory council.

b. The University is required to follow the regulations and
guidelines put forth by UGC for Private Universities (2003, 2010). The
standards for quality of programmes and degrees awarded are regulated by UGC.
The UGC has in its authority to inspect, recommend improvement and in special
cases intervene to disqualify the operations of the Private University through
the State Government. 

c. The basic feature of a Private University is that it is
unitary in nature and cannot affiliate an institution/college. It can establish
off campus centre(s) and off-shore centers subject to certain conditions
including number of years of existence with prior approval of State Government
and concurrence of UGC. Distance Education courses can be started by the
Private University only after the prior approval of the Distance Education
Council (DEC) and concurrence of the State Government.

NOW, WE PROCEED TO OUR SPECIFIC
RECOMMENDATIONS IN RESPECT OF THE PROPOSED LEGISLATION IN MAHARASHTRA

It is recommended that the Hon’ble
Government of Maharashtra issue a comprehensive “Policy / Guidelines” for
Establishment and Incorporation of Private Universities in the State as opposed
to creating an “Umbrella Act”. The Private University has to be created “BY” an
ACT and not “UNDER” an ACT. In case an umbrella act is passed then the Private
University will get created UNDER that Act through a Notification which is
against the aforesaid Hon’ble Supreme Court Judgment & UGC Regulations for
Private Universities.

Example –

a. Chitkara Private
University
in Himachal Pradesh was setup
UNDER Himachal Pradesh Private Universities Act, 2006. The defect arising out
of the said notification in light of the Judgment of Hon’ble Supreme Court of
India (mentioned above) has been rectified by passing the Chitkara University
(Establishment & Regulation) Act, 2008. Section 45 of this Act specifically
mentions that the Himachal Pradesh Private Universities (Establishment &
Regulations) Act, 2006 has been repealed. This fact of “repealing” has also
been mentioned in Rule No. 18 of the Guidelines of Himachal Pradesh dated 19th
November, 2009 bearing No. EDN-A-Ka (3)-1/2008-Loose. Now therefore, these
Guidelines govern the Establishment of Private Universities in Himachal Pradesh
in place of the repealed Act.

b. Similar is the case of Rajasthan where a Rajasthan Private Universities
Act, 2005 existed however fresh Guidelines were issued on 26th July
2007 suggesting that the former Act was no more in effect (read Rule 16 of the
Guidelines).

c. State of Punjab though had the opportunity to frame an umbrella Act for
Private Universities Establishment, declared a “Policy” for Establishment of
Private / Self-Financed Universities in Punjab dated 25th June,
2010.

d. In the State of Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand there are no umbrella State
Acts for establishment of Private Universities. Further there are no Guidelines
issued by these States. Nevertheless, Private Universities such Sharda
University in UP and ICFAI University in Jharkhand (vide ICFAI Act, 2006) have
been created through a specific Act for the respective University which was
passed by State Legislature in the absence of either an umbrella Act or
Guidelines.

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DRAFT POLICY /
GUIDELINES FOR STATE GOVERNMENT

A.  Sponsoring Body

a)  
Nature of Sponsoring Body:-

Generally, under the laws of India,
education is one of the charitable objects and hence it can only be conducted
by a society or a trust or a section 25c company only. Reference may kindly be
drawn to UGC regulations of 2003 which permits all these three types of
entities to establish a Private University. Similar provisions are also found
in the relevant guidelines of other state. However, a perusal of proposed UGC
regulation of 2010 suggests that UGC has omitted sec 25c companies from the
list of sponsoring body. Hence, it will be difficult to allow sec 25c companies
in the sponsoring body for a Private University. Under the proposed act of
Maharashtra, it is seen that a co-operative society has also been included in
the list of sponsoring bodies. We recommend that a sponsoring body should be a
registered society or registered trust. We recommend that a sponsoring body
registered outside of the State may also be allowed to establish a Private
University in the State.

b)  Term of Existence:-

We are talking in terms of
establishing a University, and hence it is but advisable that higher education
being a domain of Central Government specifically in terms of maintaining the
standards , therefore it is necessary that either the applicant or the
promoters of the applicant should have reasonable experience in the field of
education.

B.  Characteristics of
the Proposed Private University

It is required that a clear
distinction should be drawn between a State University and a Private
University. As known a State University is necessarily substantially and
adequately funded by the Govt, has the authority to affiliate institutions. Per
contra a Private University therefore should be unitary in nature and self
financed. However, the role and objective of the entire educational
establishment being the same therefore, there should not be any restriction in
the modes of education that can be pursued by a Private University and hence it
should necessarily include all modes such as Conventional / Distance / Open /
Vocational / Online etc.

It will be an acceptable deviation
if the new age popular technology of online and broadcasting are also included
in the modes of education because of  
its ability to provide far access and reach

In this age of specialization and
super-specialization, a Private University may be allowed to offer a range of domains
right form a single domain/specialization University to a multi domain, multi
specialization and multi disciplinary University.

This may lead to be more innovative
and encouraging domain specific growth in education. Depending on the above
classification, these Universities may be given distinct advantages in various
aspects including land, endowment fund, and other compliances.

It is to be necessarily understood
that a University will be created by a state legislature and hence the
jurisdiction of the university cannot go beyond that particular state. However,
the UGC regulations 2003/2010 provide for setting up of off-campus centres
outside the State and off-shore campus subject to certain pre-requisites.
Therefore, the proposed policy should provide for an expansion within the
state, outside the state and outside India, only in terms of UGC regulations
and not otherwise. Having said that, to provide greater reach and to save
expenditure of the aspirants a Private University should be allowed to have
information and counseling centres beyond the boundaries of the State
jurisdiction. However, in respect of study centres which are only concerned
with distance education, it be allowed as per the terms and conditions laid
down by UGC. A sponsoring body should be allowed to have constituent
institutions under the private universities in confirmation with the
regulations of the UGC.

C. Guidelines for
Proposal

Since, it is a Private University
which does not involve any State initiative it necessarily means that the
process for its establishment and incorporation can be initiated only on
proposal by an applicant.

The proposed recommendations should
provide for a nominal application fee and a format in which the proposal is to
be submitted. Keeping in view that this may be the first opportunity in
Maharashtra providing for establishment and incorporation of a Private
University, the fees should be reasonable. In case of Punjab it is Rs One lakh.

The guidelines for the proposal
should also provide the nature of information to be sought from the sponsoring
body which can be discussed and deliberated.

The sponsoring body should be asked
to either submit the proof of ownership of land or plans for land procurement
and infrastructural development for the proposed University. This should be
part of the proposal.

The policy must include the
guidelines regarding source of funding. Establishment and incorporation of
Private University will certainly involve huge capital investment and with a
view to invite and retain bonafide players, it will be certainly advisable that
disclosures regarding the source of funding from sponsoring body are obtained
It may also happen in certain cases that true academicians or genuinely
interested persons without sufficient source of funding may be desirous to
apply for a Private University.

Considering the merit of such noble
intensions and bonafides of interested applicants, the guidelines must provide
for an enabling provision to allow a genuine investor with similar objectives
to support their endeavours.

The policy should incorporate
guidelines on the following-:

a)   Land Requirement
b)   Required Constructed Area
c)   Manpower & Other Infrastructure
Requirement
d)   Proof of Funding (Source of
Funding), Provision for external Investors
e)   Five Year Plan of Development
f)    Details of Programs and Fees,
Potential for Proposed Programs
g)   Facilities

D.  Evaluation of Proposal (Application)

The State may constitute an
appropriate inspection committee consisting of senior Government officials and
renowned academicians.

a)  Constitution of Inspection Committee
b)  Terms for Reference for Committee –
financial soundness, expertise, potential of academic programs. The guidelines
should also provide the facility for rectifying proposal deficiency by the
applicant within a month.
c)  Time Period to give decision on Proposal : 1-3 months
d) Submission of Report: The report
should be submitted as a recommendation by the committee to the Principal
Secretary, Higher Education, within one to two months of the first meeting of
the committee.

E.  Procedure after Report of Inspection Committee

 a)  Issuance of LOI: After receiving the report of inspection committee, the
Government must issue an LOI within 15 days to a month. The LOI should be a
document enabling the sponsoring body to undertake all the necessary activities
to establish a Private University including purchase of land.
b)  An essentiality certificate must be issued to the sponsoring body in
order to procure required land for the said purpose.
c)  Competent Authority to issue LOI- Principal Secretary, Higher Education

F.  Conditions
contained in LOI

The Letter of Intent (LOI) must be
issued by the Government after submission of satisfactory initial report by the
Inspection Committee. The letter should further cover the following conditions-:

a.  Endowment Fund: (Mode of
Investment, Utility, Location specific criteria, domain wise)
b.  General Fund
c.   Land Requirement: An essentiality
certificate must be issued to the sponsoring body in order to procure required
land for the establishment of University campus.
d.  Requirement of Constructed Area
(domain wise)
e.  Requirements for Manpower
f.   Requirements for Academic
Infrastructure (Books, Journals, Computers)
g.  Reservation Policy (students,
staff)
h.  Undertakings & Affidavits: All
types of undertakings and affidavits as per requirement of the State Government
and the UGC regulations and other pertinent statutory councils may be taken
from the applicant.
i.   Compliance Timeline: 1-3 years
j.   Special Conditions (if sponsoring
body is less than 3 yrs)
k.  Dissolution of University

Even after an LOI is issues there
should be a procedure for Amendment of Proposal – Guidelines should provide for
a clear procedure within a specific timeline for the applicant to comply with
deficiencies and amend the proposal as required. The amended part of the
proposal will be required to be reviewed again and approval be given
thereafter.

G.  Compliance

The applicant after receiving the
LOI will be required to comply with all conditions within 1-3 years. The
applicant must be asked to submit a Compliance Report within this timeline. The
Inspection Committee will once again require to evaluate this Compliance Report
and submit their recommendations to the Government in that regard. The
recommendations should be given within 1 month of the evaluation of the
Compliance Report. The Inspection Committee will be required to follow certain
terms of reference given by the State Government. The applicant may be given a
reasonable extension of timeline for submission of compliance of report or rectification
of any deficiencies. The proposed University must meet and fulfill all the
minimum requirements / criteria laid down by various statutory bodies for
respective academic programs. The University will require to seek approval from
these statutory bodies.

H.  Enactment of
University

After receiving a satisfactory
compliance report of the sponsoring body and recommendations of the Inspection
Committee, the State Government will be required to table a separate Act for
the specific University before the State Legislature for its approval. The
State Legislature will then pass a separate Act for the establishment and
incorporation of the particular Private University, thereby enabling the
Government to issue a Gazette Notification. The said notification will be sent
to UGC and MHRD for information. The Sponsoring Body will be further required
to make an application to UGC to enlist the newly incorporated University in
the UGC List of Authorized Universities. Within a specific period of 3-5 years
the University will be required to get itself assessed by NAAC.

The following areas need to be
addressed in the Act –

a.   Commencement
b.   Definition
c.    Establishment of the University
d.   Conditions for Establishment of the
University
e.   Objects of the University
f.    Powers of the University
(Governance)
g.   Admissions and Standards
h.   Reservations Policy – A reservation
policy has been put into place by some States. Eg. Himachal Pradesh recommends
25% of student admissions for natives (bonafide residents) and 80% natives in
Class III and IV.                       

i.     Officers of the University
j.     Authorities of the University
k.    Powers to make Statutes
l.     Powers to make ordinances
m.   Annual Report
n.    Annual Account
o.    Conditions for service of employees
p.    Dispute Resolution
q.    Constitution of Committees
r.     Appointment Policies
s.    Funds- Endowment, General,
Maintenance
t.     Program Fees
u.     Various Powers of State Government
v.     Dissolution of University – Some
States prohibit a University from being dissolved until a certain period of
time has passed by.
w.    De-recognition of University – In
the event that UGC regulations are grossly violated the said University can be
de-recognized via a procedure of de-listing from the approved UGC list of
Universities. Further the State Government may be asked by UGC to initiate
proceedings against such a defaulting University.

COMPARISON SUMMARY

Criteria/States

Himachal Pradesh

Rajasthan

Haryana

Gujarat

Assam

Punjab

Territorial
jurisdiction, Affiliation 

State, No Affiliation

State, No Affiliation

State, No Affiliation

State, No Affiliation

State, No Affiliation

State, No Affiliation

Off-Campus,
Off-Shore Campus, Study Centers

N/A ref to UGC guidelines

N/A ref to UGC guidelines

Upon approval of UGC & State

Upon approval of UGC & State

N/A ref to UGC guidelines

 

Medium/Mode
of Education (conventional distance, etc)

Both Allowed

Both Allowed

Both Allowed

Both Allowed

N/A

Both Allowed

Nature of
the sponsoring body (applicant) of the proposed University

Society/ Public Trust / Sec 25 Company/ Sponsoring
body registered in any other State

* UGC 2010 Regul. Do not allow Sec 25 Co.

Society/ Public Trust / Sec 25 Company/ Sponsoring
body registered in any other State

* UGC 2010 Regul. Do not allow Sec 25 Co.

Society/ Public Trust / Sec 25 Company/ Sponsoring
body registered in any other State

* UGC 2010 Regul. Do not allow Sec 25 Co.

Society/ Public Trust / Sec 25 Company/ Sponsoring
body registered in any other State

* UGC 2010 Regul. Do not allow Sec 25 Co.

Society/ Public Trust / Sec 25 Company

* UGC 2010 Regul. Do not allow Sec 25 Co.

Society/ Public Trust / Sec 25 Company/ Sponsoring
body registered in any other State

* UGC 2010 Regul. Do not allow Sec 25 Co.

Application
Fee

10 lakhs

1 Lakh

As prescribed at the time

As prescribed at the time

10 lakhs

1 lakh

Term of
Existence

3 years

5 years

5 years

5 years

No restriction

5 years audited      statmt + 10 years experience in HE reqd

Area of
land requirement

50 Bighas/ 100 Kanals (10 acres)

30 acres

20 acres outside municipal limits/10 acres inside
municipal limits

N/A

N/A

35 acres

Required
Construction Area

15,000 sq mtrs

10,000 sq mtrs

10,000 sq mtrs

N/A

N/A

30,000 sq mtrs

Engg; – 60,000 sq mtrs

Procedure
for application for Private University

Project Report with documents (20 copies)

Project Report with documents (1 copy)

Project Report with documents (1 copy)

Project Report with documents (1 copy)

Project Report with documents (10 copies) *
sufficient proof of land ownership & bldg plan

Project Report with documents (11 copies) *
sufficient proof of land ownership & bldg plan

 

 

Procedure
after application and subsequent compliances

Inspection LOI, Compliance Rpt.2 yrs

Inspection LOI, Compliance Rpt.1 yr

Inspection LOI, Compliance Rpt.1 yr

Inspection LOI, Compliance Rpt.

Inspection LOI, Compliance Rpt.

Inspection, LOI, Compliance Rpt.2 yrs

Authorities
of the University & Committees, Constitution etc

Same across each state

Same across each state

Same across each state

Same across each state

Same across each state

Same across each state

Composition
of the governing body & Powers

Same across each state

Same across each state

Chancellor, Vice Chancellor, Secr, HE is member of
Gov Body

President & Provost, Secr, HE
is member of Gov Body

Nothing mentioned

Same across each state

Requirements
for compliance of UGC

Requirement to follow UGC Regulatory Guidelines.

Requirement to follow UGC Regulatory Guidelines

Requirement to follow UGC Regulatory Guidelines

Requirement to follow UGC Regulatory Guidelines

Requirement to follow UGC Regulatory Guidelines

Requirement to follow UGC Regulatory Guidelines

Role of
Sponsoring Body and 3rd Party Investors for Private University

Apart from sponsoring body a 3rd party
investor is allowed to contribute funds

Sponsoring Body + others donors can contribute to
Univ.

Sponsoring Body + others donors can contribute to
Univ.

Sponsoring Body + others donors can contribute to
Univ.

Sponsoring Body + others donors can contribute to
Univ.

Sponsoring Body + others donors can contribute to
Univ.

Reservations
Policies (for students & employees of University)

25% of natives in students & 80% natives in
Class III, IV in staff

No reservation mentioned

25% of natives (out of that 10% SCST, 5% get full
fee exemp.n, 10% get 50% fee exempn, 10% get 25% fee exempn) in students. No
res. in staff.

No reservation mentioned

No reservation mentioned

No reservation mentioned

Funding
Requirements & Policies

Endowment Fund 5 cr.

Tribal area – 1 cr.

15km away from municipal limits of Div.HQ / 10km
away from municipal limits of other cities 1 cr Tribal area – 75 lakhs, Other
areas 2 cr.

Endowment Fund 3 cr + General Fund (not specified)

Endowment fund amt – not specified

Endowment fund amt – not specified

Endowment Fund 5 cr. General domain, & Multi
domain – 3 cr. Also General Fund 1 cr

Separate
Regulatory Body at State Level

Bill submitted for Regulatory Commission

None

None

None

None

None

Dissolution
of Private University & Consequences of Violation of Policies

Dissolution – 25 yrs

None

None

Dissolution – 6 mths notice provided last batch of
students has passed out

None

None

Infrastructure,
Manpower

Journals, Books – 10 lacs, Equipment &
Infrastructure – 1 cr. Appoint relevant staff

Books, Journals – 10 lacs, Within 3 yrs investment
guarantee – 50 lacs. Equipment & Infrastructure – 20 lacs & within 5
yrs – 1 cr & Appoint relevant staff

Books, Journals – 10 lacs, Within 3 yrs investment
guarantee – 50 lacs. Equipment & Infrastructure – 20 lacs & within 5
yrs – 1 cr &

No specification

No specification

No specification

Procedure
to be followed by State Government

State Govt. has to pass a separate Act of
legislation for each specific applicant University

State Govt. has to pass a separate Act of
legislation for each specific applicant University

State Govt. has to pass a separate Act of
legislation for each specific applicant University

State Govt. has to pass a separate Act of
legislation for each specific applicant University

State Govt. has to pass a separate Act of
legislation for each specific applicant University

State Govt. has to pass a separate Act of
legislation for each specific applicant University

COMPILATION OF THE LIST OF
PRIVATE STATE UNIVERSITIES IN INDIA

Orissa:-
(i) Vedanta University
(ii) Sri Sri University

Chhatisgarh:
(i) CV Raman in Bilaspur and
(ii) MATS in Raipur

Gujarat:
(i) DAIICT Gandhinagar
(ii) Ganpat, Mehsana
(iii) Kadi Sarva, Gandhinagar
(iv) Nirma, Ahmedabad
(v) Pandit Deendayal Petroleum U, Gandhinagar

Himachal Pradesh:
(i) Chitkara University, Solan
(ii) Jaypee, Solan.
(iii) Indus International University, Una
(iv) Shoolini University of Biotechnology
and Management Science 2009, Bajhol, Solan
(v) Manav Bharti University, Solan, 2009
(vi) Arni University, Kangra, 2009
(vii) Eternal university, Baru Sahib, Sirmour

Jharkhand:
(i) ICFAI University

Karnataka:
(i) Ajim Premji University, act passed on March 12, 2010.

Madhya Pradesh:
(i) JP University of Engineering and Technology, Guna (Gazette Notification on April 29th 2010.)

Meghalaya:
(i) Martin Luther Christian
(ii) Techno Global.

Mizoram:
(i) ICFAI

Nagaland:
(i) Global Open

Punjab:
(i) Lovely Professional U.

Rajasthan:
(i) Bhagwant University,  Ajmer
(ii)  Jagannath University, Jaipur
(iii) Jaipur National University, Jaipur.
(iv) Jyoti Vidyapeeth Women’s University, Jaipur.
(v)  Mewar University, Chittorgarh.
(vi) NIMS University, Jaipur.
(vii) Sir Padmapat Singhania University, Jhunjhunu.
(viii) Singhania University, Jhunjunu.
(ix) Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur. 
(x) Jodhpur National University, Jodhpur 
(xi) Amity University, Jaipur
(xii) Sridhar University, Pilani
(xiii) J K Lakshmipat University, Jaipur
(xiv) NIIT University, Neemrana, Alwar
(xv) Jagdishprasad
Jhabarmal Tibrewal University, Jhunjhunu

Sikkim:
(i) Eastern Institute for Integrated Learning in Management University,
Jorethang.
(ii) Sikkim- Manipal University of Health, Medical & Technological
Sciences, Gangtok.

Tripura:
(i) ICFAI

UP:
(i) Amity University, NOIDA
(ii) Integral University, Lucknow.
(iii) Jagadguru Rambhadracharya Handicapped University, Chitrakoot Dham.
(iv) Mangalayatan University, Aligarh
(v) Mohammad Ali Jauhar University, Rampur.
(vi) Sharda
University, Gautam Budh Nagar.
(vii) Swami Vivekanand Subharti University, Meerut.
(viii) Teerthanker Mahaveer Univesity, Moradabad.

Uttarakhand:.
(i) Dev Sanskrit Vishwavidyalaya, Haridwar.
(ii) Doon University, Dehradoon.
(iii) Himgiri Nabh Vishwavidyalaya, Dehradun.
(iv) ICFAI Dehradun
(v) University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun.
(vi)  University of Patanjali, Haridwar.

West Bengal:
(i) Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology,
Kalyani

State

#  private universities in June 2009

# private universities proposals in progress

Total

Andhra
Pradesh

0

 

0

Arunachal
Pradesh

0

 

0

Bihar

0

 

0

Chhatisgarh

2

 

2

Gujarat

2

 

2

Haryana

0

 

0

Himachal
Pradesh

2

5

7

Jharkhand

 

1

1

Karnataka

 

1

1

Kerala

 

 

0

Madhya
Pradesh

1

 

1

Maharashtra

 

 

0

Meghalaya

2

 

2

Mizoram

1

 

1

Nagaland

1

 

1

Orissa

 

3

3

Pondicherry

 

 

0

Punjab

1

 

1

Rajasthan

11

4

15

Sikkim

2

 

2

Tamil
Nadu

 

 

0

Tripura

2

 

2

Uttarkhand

6

 

6

Uttar
Pradesh

8

 

8

West
Bengal

 

1

1

Delhi

 

 

0

Prepared
By:
Symbiosis
Open Education Society
1065
Gokhale Cross Road, Model Colony
Pune 411016

Contributions
from:
Adv. Ravi
Bhardwaj
Sonali
Kadam
Adv. Praneet
Kumar

 

 

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537 thoughts on “Analysis of Private University Laws & Recommendations for Policy”

  1. Private university should be established according to population ratio. As in Himachal Pradesh there are 3 private Universities in one Gram pancayat (Sultanpur Panchayat Solan District)

  2. lot of Private universities are starting study centers out side their state & enrolling students for online progarmmes. is it valid? one of the university established last year, this year it has started study centre all over india. it says its distance edu programmes are reco by joint comitee of DEC, UGC, & AICTE. i want to know does this university allowed to offer programmes through study centres

  3. Dear Sir/Madam
    I took admission for Distance education single course -Disaster Management in Symbiosis Centre For Distance Learning (SCDL) on 16th July 2010. I with all fess and brochure I spend Rs. 9000/- for the course, but because some family responsibilities I failed to purse the same, then I contacted SCDL student helpline cell but they not given me any proper guideline and even they not helped me anyway to understand the distance education system. Even Student helpline website is not working properly. The telephonic helpline is also not serving the purpose.

    Now just few days before I again followed the matter and I got called from Head- Call Centre SCDL informing that my registration has now no meaning & if I want to pursue the course I have to do fresh registration. If that is so, why SCDL not clearly mentioned the validity of registration in their course confirmation letter. It’s a clear cut cheating with the me.
    I would like to draw your attention and requesting you to kindly instruct the SCDL to return my fess and registration amount or at least allow me to pursue the course without charging any extra money for the same.
    Regards.
    Sharad Pant

  4. Dear Sir/Madam

    This is a very Important artical for those people who are working in education field. Updation In Haryana State Under Haryana Statev Private university act2006 4 university already estabilised and 6 proposal in prosses
    ITM university,Apj Satya, NIILM university,op jindal already established
    MVN university Palwal,Baba masthanath Rohtak,Roy Foundation,Al-Fhala Faridabad(Minority)proposal in prosses

  5. Dear Sir/Madam
    Under Haryana Private University Act 2006 Amendment on 26 April 2010 section 9
    Area of land requirement
    For the purpose of this is sect, “possessIOn” means
    possession either by way of ownership or as a lessee having
    perpetual inevocable lease for a minimum period of thirty years.”

  6. I would like to first say big thanks for such a nice & informative article.
    I have a question in my mind regarding CMJ University of Meghalaya, I want to pursue PhD from it. I am not clear about it for the approval process & so on. Kindly guide me.

  7. Please give me inquary estabilishment norms and standard about new private university in uttar pradesh.

  8. Honourable Sir/ Madam
    Kindly furnish your valuable suggestions and guidelines along with the name, addresses and email id of most important, significant and altruist personalitieswho can really help us promptly, so that we can proceed in the right direction related with the establishment of a University in the tribal region of Rajasthan.

  9. Admirable article. Brilliant research work. Enjoyed reading and would refer to it in future writings. Congratulations.

  10. It was really nice of you imparting the strategy of University establishment. We are looking for some prominent/significant people/entity/body in this area for building University in Sikkim.Some organization who are looking for serious establishment of Private University in Sikkim, this is a real opportunity to them because Sikkim is the land of Opportunity for investors and a Hub of Education in recent times.We are the local sikkimese who are looking forward to welcome Good,Oportunistic,Developmental Investors in Education field.We are ready to provide 200 ACRES OF LAND and the NOC from the government. Interested ones can email at: (universitysikkim@gmail.com) with their interest and proposal.

  11. Does it mean that my master degree which I obtained from SMUDE is not illegible to work in any state or central government, meaning ruining my career and livelihood of a 40 years of struggle for existence, if earning money by spoiling the life of a person all should go to hell.

  12. Does it mean that my master degree which I obtained from SMUDE is not illegible to work in any state or central government, meaning ruining my career and livelihood of a 40 years of struggle for existence, if earning money by spoiling the life of a person all should go to hell.

  13. VERY GOOD AND INFORMATIVE ARTICLE, SUGGEST ME ANY CONSULTANT/EDUCATIONIST TO OPEN A PRIVATE UNIVERSITY IN RAJASTHAN,MAY BE AT ALWAR, WE R SERIOUS.

  14. We are very much interested in Open a Pvt University in Maharashtra and UP….Kindly do help us..

  15. I would like to first say big thanks for such a nice & informative article.
    I have a question in my mind regarding CMJ University of Meghalaya, I want to pursue PhD from it. I am not clear about it for the approval process & so on. Kindly guide me.

  16. I want to ask to one question
    Q. Is it possible to convert our college in a self finance private university (by the initiative of college management)?
    Our college is govt aided college . under UGC 2 f
    pls inform me about and if your ans is in YES then how our service conditions ll be affected.
    Thanks

  17. This is really eye opener to policy makers. What is hindering the enactment of bill is unknown to all of us.

  18. Found this very interesting and informative, would the writers be interested in offering their consultancy to people interested in the setting up of a pvt university in Karnataka?

  19. Dear Concerned,
    Please let me know the guidelines for setting up university in UP and haryana. A new private university for the state

  20. YES IAM AGREE WITH U IN MAHA WHY U NOT GIVE A PRIVATE UNIVERSITY SEE MOSLTY 70% SATE CAN COVER THIS UNIVESITY AND START ALSO THEN WHY NOT IN MUMBAI SWATI MADAM PLS DO AS SOON AS POSSIBLE IF ANY PROBLMES I WILL HELP

  21. I have a question in my mind regarding CMJ University of Meghalaya, I want to pursue degree from it through Distance education. After pursued degree Can i apply for government (state/central) jobs based on this degree.

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