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India’s Education System In Deep Trench: Dearth Of 1Million School Teachers

The spate of the education system in India is reeling under the dearth of educators in the country. As per the report of NDTV, the nation falls short of one million school teachers. In a reply to a question raised in Lok Sabha, the Union Minister for Human Resource Development, Prakash Javadekar informed that at the elementary level in India, there are 17.51% vacant posts for government teachers and at the secondary level, it was 14.78%

State wise vacancies

As per the statistics presented by the HRD minister in the Parliament, following are the number of vacancies for elementary teachers in 2016:

  1. Jharkhand (38.39%)- (highest)
  2. Bihar (34.37%)
  3. Delhi (24.96%)
  4. Punjab (23.39%)
  5. Chandigarh (23.07%)
  6. Uttar Pradesh (22.99%)

Number of vacancies for secondary school teachers in 2016: India falls short of more than 1 million teachers than the sanctioned number.

  1. Uttar Pradesh (50.0%)
  2. Lakshwadeep (41.58%)
  3. Bihar (36.09%)
  4. Tripura (34.15%)
  5. Chhattisgarh (28.98%)

The numbers for special educators in the country is particularly drastic. 65% of the posts lie vacant and in states like Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, and Meghalaya there’s not a single special educator. 

To top that, there is no set parameter/ examination conducted for special educators.  The Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) is conducted by states to filter out qualified teachers for the profession. It is done to select teachers for classes 1 to 8. Only DSSSB conducts a separate exam for special educators while the situation with the TETs is also not very bright.

Only 17% applicants qualified the TET exam in Bihar recently. The Delhi High Court was informed by the AAP led government that the capital faces shortage of approximately 27,000 teachers in government schools.

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